Sri Gurubhyo Namaha
A spiritual aspirant is one who is consciously seeks unconditional happiness in one’s life, which is also known as Knowledge of God or Knowledge of one’s own Atman or MokshA.
This knowledge is to be known with the help of a Guru who is already living his/her life according to this knowledge and knows how to teach it systematically.
Four-fold qualifications (SAdhana Chatustaya) is listed by the scriptures for the student to become qualified to receive this knowledge. They are
(a) VivekA (Discrimination between the Constant and the Changing entities)
(b) VairAgyA (Dispassion towards objects)
(c) The Six-fold set of Disciplines including shamA, damA, uparati, titikshA, shraddhA, and samAdAnam.
(d) Mumukshutvam (Desire for MokshA).
VivekA is discrimination between the one unchanging entity and all other changing entities. It is the knowledge by which one understands that “I am the only unchanging entity and the entire world, including one’s own body and mind keep on undergoing changes “. Knowing this fact, and desiring for that unconditional happiness, the aspirant cannot afford to depend upon the changing world for his/her happiness.
Thus, there arises in him/her the supreme quality called VairAgyA, the quality of Dispassion towards the objects of the world, starting from the objects of the senses upto the one’s own physical and mental conditions.
In the JnAni who has already known his/her real nature and therefore achieved MokshA, VairAgyA is naturally manifest as complete indifference towards the pleasures and pains of this world. Thus besides JnAnis being SanyAsis or great Rishis, we also find in the scriptures JnAnis like Janaka MaharAja who did not feel the necessity to give up their kingship externally, as they are completely indifferent to the enjoyments and the pains arising from their grandiose lives also.
In the aspirant who is yet to completely understand the Guru’s teaching, supreme VairAgyA becomes manifest as complete distaste towards the objects of the world. The aspirant must very consciously try to avoid objects which are purely meant for one’s own pleasure. The aspirant should use the objects of the world as little as possible only to the extent necessary, with the awareness of purpose that he/she wants unconditional happiness which is not available through these objects. This conscious moving away from the worldly objects is very much essential because the aspirant could still be in a stage where the mind is still swayed by the objects of the world, and therefore associating with them repeatedly means one could still slip from the path to MokshA.
This VairAgyA which follows from VivekA can be viewed as the most crucial qualification to be earned for MokshA, for without acquiring it, any amount of listening to the words of the Guru will not help the aspirant. The mind which seeks unconditional happiness cannot also be involved in aspiring for happiness from the petty things of the changing world. Also, if such a mind listens to the Guru teaching, there is a possibility of completely misinterpreting them and falling deeper into ignorance and misery that one wanted to avoid in the first place. Therefore it becomes supremely important to cultivate this important and difficult qualification called VairAgyA.
It is with the aim of acquiring this VairAgyA (however much slowly) that this series is started. All are encouraged to post whatever stories, snippets, scriptural verses, experiments and experiences that they might have learnt/had on the journey of acquiring and practising this VairAgyA.